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Principles of Elephant Management Course

elephant and keeper

PEM Course Description

Training Behaviors


The Amboseli Elephants: A Long-Term Perspective on a Long-Lived Animal

Edited by Cynthia J. Moss, Harvey Croze, and Phyllis C. Lee

Elephants and Ethics: Toward a Morality of Coexistence

Edited by Christen Wemmer and Catherine A. Christen Foreword by John Seidensticker

Elephant Husbandry Resource Guide

Elephant Husbandry Resource Guide


Table of Contents

Balfour, D., Balfour, S., Sheldrick, D., Douglas-Hamilton, I., & Hanks, J. (1998). African elephants: A celebration of majesty. New York: Abbeville Press.

Benyus, J.M. (1992). Beastly behaviors. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley Publishing.

Douglas-Hamilton, I., & Douglas-Hamilton, O. (1975). Among the elephants. New York: Viking Press.

Douglas-Hamilton, I., & Douglas-Hamilton, O. (1992). Battle for the elephants (1st American ed.). New York: Viking Adult.

Eltringham, S.K. (1991). Elephants: From their origins and evolution to their ceremonial and working relationship with man. New York: Crescent Books.

Moss, C. (1988). Elephant Memories: Thirteen years in the life of an elephant family. New York: William Morrow and Company.

Moss, C., & Colbeck, M. (1993). Echo of the elephants: The story of an elephant family. New York: HarperCollins Publishers.

Shoshani, J. (1992). Elephants: Majestic creatures of the wild. Emmaus, PA: U.S.A. Rodale Press.

Elephant Cognition
Byrne, R., Bates, L. and C. Moss (2009). Elephant cognition in primate perspective. Comparative Cognition and Behavior Reviews (4) 65-79.
Bates, L., Poole, J. and R. Byrne (2008). Elephant cognition. Current Biology (18:13) R544-R546.
Bates, L. A., Sayialel, K. N., Njiraini, N., Poole, J. H., Moss, C.,
and R.W. Byrne. (2008). African elephants have expectations
about the locations of out-of-sight family members
. Biology
Letters (4) 34-36.
Irie-Sugimoto, N., Kobayashi, T., Sato, T. and T. Hasegawa (2008). Evidence of means-end behavior in Asian elephants (Elephas maximus). Journal of Animal Cognition (11) 359-365.

Visitor Studies
Moss, A., Francis, D. and M. Esson. (2008). The Relationship between Viewing Area Size and Visitor Behavior in an Immersive Asian Elephant Exhibit. Visitor Studies (11:1) 26-40.
Moss, A., Francis, D. and M. Esson. (2007). The measurement of visitor density and its effect on visitor behaviour in zoo exhibits. BIAZA Research Newsletter (8:3) 2-3.


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Elephant Managers Association

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Elephant Information
Updated: October 9, 2012